Sexual Violence Is More Prevalent at College, Compared to Other Crimes.
Sexual assault disproportionately affects college women and impedes their ability to participate fully in campus life. Educational equity for women and girls requires fair, responsive, and fully developed campus sexual assault policies; knowledgeable administrators; and, ultimately, an end to sexual violence on campuses.
Less than 5 percent of rapes and attempted rapes of college students are reported to campus authorities or law enforcement. Investigative reporting by the Center for Public Integrity reveals many barriers to reporting sexual assault, including inadequate university sexual assault policies. As a result, the extent of the problem remains hidden on campuses nationwide. The small number of cases reported on a campus likely does not mean that sexual assault is not occurring, but rather that there are barriers to reporting.
What are the facts
Sexual assault, as defined by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), is “any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the recipient.” Sexual activities that fall under this definition include forced sexual intercourse, forcible sodomy, child molestation, incest, fondling, and attempted rape.
Sexual violence on campus is pervasive.
- 11.2% of all students experience rape or sexual assault through physical force, violence, or incapacitation (among all graduate and undergraduate students).
- Among graduate and professional students, 8.8% of females and 2.2% of males experience rape or sexual assault through physical force, violence, or incapacitation.
- Among undergraduate students, 23.1% of females and 5.4% of males experience rape or sexual assault through physical force, violence, or incapacitation.
- 4.2% of students have experienced stalking since entering college.
Student or not, college-age adults are at high risk for sexual violence.
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Laws, Policies & Regulations
Title IX is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any educational program or activity that receives federal funding. This includes most schools, including private institutions and grades K-12. Title IX addresses sexual harassment, sexual violence, or any gender-based discrimination that may deny a person access to educational benefits and opportunities.
Sources: Rainn: campus sexual violence statistics ; End Rape On Campus: Title IX; AAUW: Utube video